Rice Production Technology

(Source: CRRI, ICAR, Cuttack)

{1} Calendar of operations for rainfed upland rice

Season: June to September-October

Recommended cultivars:

(1)  Assam: Anjali & Abhishek.

(2)  Bihar: Pant Dhan-16, Anjali, Shusk Samrat, Rajendra Bhagwati &  Abhishek.

(3)  Chhattisgarh: Danteshwari (IET-15450; R302-111) & Samaleshwari.

(4)  Jharkhand: Anjali, Birsa Vikas Dhan-108, Birsa Vikas Dhan-109, Birsa Vikas Dhan-110, Abhishek, CR Dhan 40 & Sahbhagi Dhan.

(5)  Orissa: Anjali, Vandana, Jogesh, Jaldi Dhan-6, Sidhanta, Mandakini, Naveen, Shusk Samrat, Virender & Sahbhagi Dhan.

(6)  Eastern Uttar Pradesh: Shusk Samrat & Abhishek.

(7)  West Bengal: Pant Dhan-16 & Jaldi Dhan 13.

 

Month

Fortnight

Growth stage

Operations

June

1

Pre-sowing

ADo final land preparation by shallow tillage 2-3 times to get a fine tilth during second week after onset of monsoon followed by proper land leveling;

AApply well decomposed farm yard manure or compost at 2-3 t ha-1 during final land preparation; and

AApply full P (125 kg SSP ha-1) and 2/3rd of  K (22 kg MoP ha-1) during final land preparation.

2

Sowing

 

 

 

 

 

3-5 DAS

ASeed rate : 75-80 kg ha-1;

AFertilizer dose : 40 : 20: 20 kg N, P2O5 & K2O ha-1;

ADo seed treatment with Chloropyriphos at 30 ml/ 100 kg seed against termite infestation;

ASow seed at 20 cm apart rows behind the country plough  or by seed drill during middle of June; and

ASpray herbicides Pretilachlor in moist soil at 1600 ml  ha-1 by mixing in 500 litre of water for controlling grassy weeds and sedges.

July

1

20 DAS

ADo first manual weeding or mechanical weeding by operating finger weeder in herbicide non-treated plots; and

AApply first dose of 1/3rd N (29 kg urea ha-1).

August

1

40-45 DAS

ADo second or final hand weeding; and

AApply 1/3rd N (29 kg urea ha-1) as 2nd  top dressing.

2

60 DAS

AApply rest 1/3rd of N and K (29 kg urea and  11 kg MOP ha-1).

2

65-75 DAS

 

ADo dusting with Methyl parathion at 25 kg ha-1  in the early morning or late evening when 2-3 Gundhi bugs/ m2 are observed.

2

70-75 DAS

ADo roughing in seed production fields to avoid seed mixtures.

September

2

85-95 DAS

AHarvest the crop when 80% of the grains in panicles got matured (at physiological maturity stage).

October

1

Post-harvest operations

AThreshing and cleaning; and

ADry the grains under sun until 14% moisture content and pact it properly.

Acronyms: DAS-Days after sowing.
***
 

Rice Production Technology
(Source: CRRI, ICAR, Cuttack)

{2} Calendar of operations for rainfed lowland direct-sown rice

Season:  May to December

Recommended cultivars:

(i)Shallow lowlands:

(1)    Bihar: Rajendra Mahsuri-1, Rajendra Kasturi & Improved Samba Mahsuri;

(2)    Chhattisgarh: Naredra- 8002, Chandrahasini &  Improved Samba Mahsuri;

(3)    Jharkhand: Improved Samba Mahsuri;

(4)    Odisha: Jagabandhu, Improved Samba Mahsuri, Nua Kaljeera, CR Dhan 10, CR Sugandha Dhan 3, Swarna Sub-1, Rani Dhan, CR Dhan 401, Nua Chinikamini &  Mrunalini.

(5)    Eastern Uttar Pradesh: Narendra Mayank, Narendra Jal Pushp & Swarna Sub-1; and

(6)    West Bengal: Giri & CR Dhan-401.

(ii)Semi-deep to deep:

(1)    Assam: CR Dhan-501.

(2)    Chhattisgarh: Jaldbi.

(3)    Odisha: Sarla (CR260-77, IET-10279), CR683-12 (Durga), Varshadhan, Uphar & CR Dhan-70 (Hanseswari).

(4)    Eastern Uttar Pradesh: CR Dhan-501.

(5)    West Bengal: Bhudeb.

 

Month

Fortnight

Growth stage

Operations

May

May

2

Pre-sowing

ADo final land preparation by shallow tillage 2-3 times to get a fine tilth in intermediate deep and deep water rice ecology followed by proper land leveling;

AApply of well decomposed farm yard manure at 5 t ha-1 during land preparation; and

AApply full P (65 kg DAP ha-1) and K (33 kg MoP ha-1) during final land preparation.

2

Sowing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3-5 DAS

ASeed rate : 75-80 kg ha-1;

AFertilizer dose : 60:30:30 (for shallow) and 40 : 20: 20 (for intermediate to deep ) kg N, P2O5 & K2O ha-1;

ADo seed treatment with Agrosan GN or Bavistin at 2 g kg-1 of seed;

ASow seed at 20 cm apart rows behind the country plough  in 4-5 cm depth  or by seed drill or spot seeding (dibbling) at 20 cm x 15 cm spacing; and

ASpray herbicides pretilachlor at 1600 ml ha-1 in moist soil by mixing with 500 litre of water for controlling grassy weeds and sedges.

June

2

20 DAS

ADo first manual weeding or mechanical weeding by operating finger weeder in herbicide non-treated fields;

AApply 1/3rd N in shallow lowland (35 kg urea ha-1)  as first top dressing; and

AApply the rest N (60 kg urea ha-1) in intermediate and deep water rice ecology

July

1

40-45 DAS

ADo beaushening in shallow lowlands after accumulation of sufficient water (at least 7-10 cm standing water) in fields where weeding is not done earlier; and

AThen apply 1/3rd of N (35 kg urea ha-1) as second top dressing.

August

1

50-60 DAS

ADo second hand weeding for removal of sedges and broad leaf/ aquatic weeds in manually weeded fields

Apply 1/3rd of N (35 kg urea ha-1) as final top dressing in shallow lowlands; and

ADo planting with colonel tillers removed from an established direct seeded crop or aged seedlings in case of crop failures in intermediate and deep water rice ecology.

August

1 & 2

60-90 DAS

 

 

 

ADo need-based plant protection if required against insects/diseases attack;

AApply Carbofuran at 33 kg ha-1 when 1-2 yellow stem borer moths/ one egg mass are found in 1.0 m2. If water depth is more than 10 cm, spray Monocrotophos twice at weekly interval at 1500 ml ha-1 after mixing in 500 litre of water;

ASpray Monocrotophos at 1500 ml ha-1 or Imidachloprid at 500 ml ha-1 against leaf folder and case worm; and

ASpray Streptocycline (75 g ha-1) + Copper oxychloride (500 g ha-1) by mixing in 500 litre of water against bacterial blight.

September

1 & 2

90-120 DAS

ADo need-based plant protection as mentioned above.

October

1

120-135 DAS

ADo need-based plant protection if required against stem borer as mentioned earlier.

November

1

165-175 DAS

ADo rougueing for producing seed to avoid seed mixtures.

2

180-190 DAS 

AHarvest the crop when 80% of the grains in panicles got matured (at physiological maturity stage).

December

1

Post-harvest operations

ADo threshing and cleaning; and

ADry the grains under sun until 14% moisture content and pact it properly.

Acronyms: DAS-Days after sowing.
***


 

Rice Production Technology
(Source: CRRI, ICAR, Cuttack)

{3}  Calendar of operations for irrigated (transplanted) wet season rice.

Season:  June to November

 

(A)    Recommended O. P. cultivars:

(i)     Irrigated early maturing:

(1)    Bihar:  Pant Dhan-18 (UPRI-99-1; IET-17920), Rajendra Suwasini.

(2)    Chhattisgarh:  Danteshwari (IET-15450; R302-111), Pant Dhan-18 (UPRI-99-1;IET-17920) & Karma Mahsuri.

(3)     Jharkhand: Hazari Dhan, Sadabahar &  Vardhan.

(4)     Odisha: Pant Dhan-18 (UPRI-99-1; IET-17920) & Phalguni;

(5)    Eastern Uttar Pradesh: Malviya Dhan-2; Barani Deep &  Vardhan; and

(6)    West Bengal: Pant Dhan-18 (UPRI-99-1; IET-17920) & Gontra Bidhan-1.

(ii)                Irrigated Medium maturing:

(1) Bihar: Rajendra Sweta, Sampada & IGKVR-2.

(2)Chhattisgarh: JR-503 (Richa, IET-16783), Indra Dhan-1(IET-15376, R636-505), Bamleshwari, Sampada, Narendra-8002, IGKVR-1 & IGKVR-2.

(3) Jharkhand: Birsamati & Akshayadhan.

(4)Odisha: Geetanjali (Scented), Pratikshya, Ketekijoha(IET-18669, TTB105-11-2), Manaswini, IGKVR-1, IGKVR-2, Tejaswini & Chinsuraha Rice.

(5)Eastern Uttar Pradesh: Malviya Sugandh-105 (HUR-105), Malviya Sugandh-4-3(HUR-4-3), Malviya Dhan-1 (HUBR2-1), NDR 2064, Narendra Dhan, Narendra Dhan-3112-1 (Prakhar) & Narendra Lalmati(Scented).

(6)West Bengal: Vivek Dhan 62 & Chinsuraha Rice.

 

(B)   Recommended rice hybrids :

(1)    Bihar: PA 6201, PRH-122 & JKRH 401.

(2)    Chhattisgarh: Indira Sona, DRH 775, 91H-97226 & PAC 837.

(3)    Jharkhand: DRH-775.

(4)    Odisha: PA 6201, Hybrid 6444, PRH-122,  Ajaya,  Rajalaxmi, PAC-835, DRRH-3 & JKRH 401.
(5) Eastern Uttar Pradesh: PA 6201, Hybrid 6444, PRH-122,  Sahyadri-4, 91H-97226 & DRRH-3.

(C)   Recommended saline/sodicity tolerant rice O. O. cultivars:
(1) Odisha: CSRC (S)2-1-7 (IET-13428), Bhutnath (CSRC (S) 5-2-2-5, IET-12855/IET-11354), Amal-Mana (IET-14199/IET-18250), Luna Sampad (IET-19470), Luna Suvarna (IET-18697) & Jagjeevan (IET-19487,   RP-4631-46-6-5-1-1-1).

(2) Eastern Uttar Pradesh: Narendra Usar-3, CSR-23(CSR-89IR-5, IET, 13769) &  Narendra Usar Dhan-2008(NDRK-508,IET-18699).

(3) West Bengal: CSRC (S)2-1-7 (IET-13428), CSR-23(CSR-89IR-5, IET, 13769), Jarva (IET-15420, B90-15), Bhutnath (CSRC (S) 5-2-2-5, IET-12855/IET-11354) & Amal-Mana (IET-14199/IET-18250).

Month

Fortnight

Growth stage

Operations

June

1

Nursery

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADo nursery bed preparation during early June for transplanting in favorable lowlands /irrigated medium lands/ coastal saline areas;
ASow the pre-germinated seeds;

ANursery area : 800 m2 for planting in one hectare;
ASeed rate : 35-40 kg ha-1(15 kg/ha-1 for hybrids); and AFertilizer dose : 10 kg each of N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1.

June

2

3-5 DAS

 

 

 

 

ASpray herbicide Pretilachlor at 100 ml or Pyrazosulfuron ethyl (Saathi) at 8 g for 800 m2 to control grassy weeds and sedges;

Or

Aas alternate of herbicide application, keep 5 cm standing water for 7 days before sowing. Drain out water as germination begins. Again maintain 2-5 cm standing water for next 15 days to suppress weeds;


 

 June

2

Land preparation

ADo first puddling for main field preparation; and

AApply well decomposed farm yard manure at 5 t ha-1.

July

1

Transplanting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADo second puddling after 7-10 days and proper land leveling for uniform crop stand;

AApply 1/3rd of N (35 kg urea ha-1) and full dose of P and K (110 kg DAP and 85 kg MoP ha-1) as basal  application;

APull out 25-30 days old seedlings from nursery beds (40-50 days old seedlings for coastal saline areas);

ADo seedling root dipping in Chloropyriphos solution (1 ml in 1 litre of water) against insect attack;

ATransplant 2-3 seedlings per hill at 20 cm x 15 cm spacing; and

AMaintain thin layer of water (1-2 cm) in the main field upto 10 DAT.

2

3-7 DAT

 

 

10-18 DAT

 

 

10 DAT

AApply herbicide Pretilachlor at 1500 ml ha-1;
                                            
or
APyrazosulfuron ethyl at 100 g ha-1 by mixing in  50 kg sand and uniformly broadcast in the field for controlling grassy weeds and sedges; and

AFor controlling non-grassy broad leaf weeds and sedges, spray herbicide Metsulfuron methyl at 4 g ha-1  or Almix 20 g ha-1 after mixing in 500 litre of water

Maintain 5 cm water level in the main field up to tillering stage.

August

1

20--25 DAT

ADo first manual weeding if herbicide was not applied

Apply 1/3rd of N (60 kg urea for inbreds and 70 kg urea for hybrids ha-1) as first top dressing.

2

30 - 40 DAT

 

ADo need-based plant protection against insects/ diseases specially stem borer, leaf folder, case worm, bacterial blight (doses mentioned earlier).

September

1

40-45 DAT

ADo second manual weeding if required in herbicide non-treated fields; and

AApply 1/3rd of N (60 kg urea for open pollinated varieties (parental lines in case of seed production) and 70 kg urea for hybrids ha-1) as final top dressing.

2

65-75 DAT

ADo need-based plant protection against insects/ diseases specially leaf folder, case worm, gall midge and bacterial blight.

October

1

80-85 DAT

ADo rougueing for producing  seed to avoid seed mixtures; and

ADrain out water from the main field.

2

95-100 DAT

AHarvest the crop when 80% of the grains in panicles got matured (at physiological maturity stage).

November

1

Post-harvest operations

ADo threshing and cleaning; and

ADry the grains under sun until 14% moisture content and pact it properly.

         

Acronyms: DAS-Days after sowing; and   DAT: Days after transplantation.

.***


 

Rice Production Technology
(Source: CRRI, ICAR, Cuttack)

{4} Calendar of operations for wet direct-sown summer rice

Season:  December to April-May

Recommended cultivars:  Chhattisgarh: Danteshwari (IET-15450, R302-111)

Month

Fortnight

Growth stage

Operations

December

2

Land preparation

ADo initial shallow tillage after the harvest of wet season rice followed by ponding of water and first puddling.

January

1

 

ADo second puddling after 7-10 days and proper land leveling to facilitate uniform crop stand and better water;

AApply full dose of P (87 kg DAP ha-1) and 2/3rd of K (23 kg MOP ha-1) as basal application;

ASow pre-germinated sprouted seeds in saturated field either by spot seeding (dibbling) at 15 cm x 15 cm spacing or by drum seeder at 15 cm apart rows;

ASeed rate : 60 kg ha-1;

AFertilizer dose : 80: 40: 40 kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1.  

1

3-5 DAS

 

 

 

7-10 DAS

ADo spray herbicide pretilachlor + safener at 1350 ml ha-1 in moist saturated field for  controlling grassy weeds and sedges; and

Or

A Spray pyrazosulfuron ethyl at 100 g ha-1 to suppress grassy weeds and sedges.  

2

15 DAS

ADo gap filling, if required;

AApply 1/3rd of N (46 kg urea ha-1) as first top dressing; and

AApply Carbafuran (Furadon) at 33 kg ha-1 by uniformly broadcasting in field against stem borer infestation.

January

2

7-21 DAS

 

18-20 DAS

 

 

 

AKeep the field in saturated condition for first 7-10 days, subsequently maintain 2-3 cm standing water  up to 3 weeks for better suppression of early emerging weeds;

AIn areas predominant with sedges and non-grassy broadleaf weeds, spray Almix at 20 g ha-1 or Bensulfuron methyl at 100 g ha-1 ; and

ADo spray in moist (saturated) field after draining out of standing water by mixing the herbicides in 500 litres of water.

February


 

 

1

21 DAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADo first manual weeding if herbicide was not applied;

Or

as a cost effective alternative of manual weeding, operate finger weeder in between rice rows in saturated field after draining out of excess water followed by manual removal of weeds within rice rows;

AApply irrigation at 3-5 cm depth after disappearance of water from the field starting from 21 DAS to 15 days prior to maturity; and

ADo need-based plant protection is to be taken against insect/pest like plant hoppers by spraying Imidachloprid (500 ml ha-1) or Monocrotophos (1500 ml ha-1) after mixing in 500 litres of water.

2

40 DAS

ADo second manual weeding, if required in herbicide non-treated plots;

AApply 1/3rd of N (46 kg urea ha-1) as second top dressing; and

ADo need-based plant protection against insects/ diseases.

March

1

60 DAS

 

 

 

AApply final 1/3rd of N (46 kg urea ha-1) and 1/3rd of K (12 kg ha-1);

ANeed-based plant protection against insect pests like AStem borer, plant hopper or disease like blast and brown spot;

ASpray tilt twice at 7 days interval at 2 ml per litre of water when 8-10% leaf infection occurs; and

ASpray Hinosan twice at 7 days interval at 2 ml per litre of water when 8-10% leaf infection occurs.  

April

1

90-95 DAS

ADo rougueing for producing seed to avoid seed mixtures.

2

100-105 DAS

ADrain out water from the main field.

3-4

105-115 DAS

AHarvest the crop when 80% of the grains in panicles got matured (at physiological maturity stage).

May

1

Post-harvest operations

ADo threshing and cleaning; and

ADry the grains under sun until 14% moisture content and pact it properly.

Acronyms: DAS-Days after sowing
***


 

Rice Production Technology
(Source: CRRI, ICAR, Cuttack)

{5} Calendar of operations for transplanted summer rice.

Season:  December to April-May

 (A) Recommended cultivars:

(1)  Assam: CR Borodhan-2 & CR Dhan 601;

(2)  Orissa: Naveen, CR Borodhan-2 & CR Dhan 601; and

(3)  West Bengal: PNR 546 & CR Dhan 601.

(B) Recommended Hybrids:

(1)    Assam: Rajalaxmi;

(2)    Chhattisgarh: Indra Sona;

(3)    Orissa: Rajalaxmi, Ajaya & Hybrid 6444; and

(4)    Eastern Uttar Pradesh:  Hybrid 6444.

Month

Fortnight

Growth stage

Operations

December

1

Nursery

APrepare wet seed bed by shallow tillage twice at 7-10 days interval followed by ponding of water and puddling;

AApply 2 kg urea, 5 kg SSP and 1.5 kg MoP in 800 m2  

Sow pre-germinated (sprouted) seeds at 45-50 kg ha-1;  

AIn coastal saline areas, raise seed bed in non-saline or less saline field. Keep water at shallow depth (0-3 cm) from the beginning to reduce the chance of salinity damage;

ADo frequent washing of seed bed by draining out of water for reducing salinity level;   

AFertilizer dose : 10 kg each of N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1.

December

2

Land preparation

ADo initial shallow tillage after the harvest of wet season rice followed by ponding of water and first puddling (use non-saline water in coastal saline areas).

January

1

Final land preparation

ADo second puddling after 7-10 days and proper land leveling to facilitate uniform crop stand; 

AIn coastal saline areas, pond fresh water before transplanting for leaching of soluble salts and reducing the problem of salinity;

AApply full dose of P (109 kg DAP ha-1) and 2/3rd of K (56 kg MoP ha-1) as basal; and

AFertilizer dose : 100:50:50 kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1.

January

1

Transplanting

APull out 25 days old seedlings from nursery beds;

ADo seedling root dipping in Chloropyriphos solution (1 ml in 1 litre of water) ;

ATransplant 2-3 seedlings per hill at 15 cm x 15 cm spacing; and

AMaintain thin layer of water (1-2 cm) in the main field upto 10 DAT.

1

3-5 DAT

 

7 DAT

ASpray herbicide Pretilachlor + Safener at 1350 ml ha-1 for  controlling grassy weeds and sedges;  and

Or

Aspray Pyrazosulfuron ethyl at 100 g ha-1 7 DAT to suppress grassy weeds and sedges.

2

18 DAT

AIn areas predominant with sedges and non-grassy broadleaf weeds, spray Almix at 20 g ha-1 or Bensulfuron methyl at 100 g ha-1 .


 

 January

2

7-21 DAT

ASpray in moist (saturated) field after draining out of standing water by mixing the herbicides with 500 litres of water.

January

2

7-21 DAT

 

AKeep the field in saturated condition for first 7-10 days, subsequently maintain 2-3 cm standing water  up to 3 weeks for better suppression of early emerging weeds.

 

2

10-12 DAT

ADo gap filling, if required.

 

 

10 DAT

AApply Carbafuron (Furadon) at 33 kg ha-1 by uniformly broadcasting in field against stem borer infestation if seedling root dipping is not done.

 

February

February

1

20DAT

ADo first manual weeding if herbicide was not applied; and

Or

Aas a cost effective alternative of manual weeding, operate finger weeder in between rice rows in saturated field after draining out of excess water followed by manual removal of weeds within rice rows.

 

1

20 DAT

 

20 DAT

 

21 DAT

 

AApply 1/3rd of N (58 kg urea ha-1) as first top dressing. Apply irrigation at 3-5 cm depth after disappearance of water from the field starting from 21 DAT to 15 days prior to maturity; and

ADo need-based plant protection against insect/pests and diseases as mentioned in direct-sown summer rice.

 

2

40 DAT

ADo second manual weeding, if required in herbicide non-treated plots; and

AApply 1/3rd  of N (58 kg urea ha-1) as second top dressing.

 

March

1

60 DAT

 

 

AApply 1/3rd of N (58 kg urea ha-1) and 1/3rd of K (28 kg ha-1) as final top dressing; and

ADo need-based plant protection against insect/pests and diseases as mentioned in direct-sown summer rice.

 

2

 

 

ADo need-based plant protection against insect/pests and diseases as mentioned in direct-sown summer rice.

 

April

1

90-100 DAT

ADo rougueing for producing seed to avoid seed mixtures.

 

2

100-110 DAT

ADrain out water from the main field.

 

2

110-120 DAT

AHarvest the crop when 80% of the grains in panicles got matured (at physiological maturity stage).

 

May

1

Post-harvest operations

ADo threshing and cleaning; and

ADry the grains under sun until 14% moisture content and pact it properly.

 

         

Acronyms: DAS-Days after sowing; and  DAT: Days after transplantation.

.***